Import Control System 2 (ICS2)
ICS aims to the control of goods for security and security purposes at the external borders of the customs territory of the EU. It safeguards citizens and the Single Market from risks of illegal trafficking of goods and facilitates legitimate trade by simplifying the exchange of information between economic operators and customs authorities.
It applies to the movement of goods before their arrival in the EU even before their loading into the means of transport, regardless of the mode of transport (air, sea, rail, road, etc.) by using risk analysis with common risk criteria (CRCs) based on information submitted in the form of an Electronic Entry Summary Declaration (ENS) at the first point of entry into the European Union to support targeted and effective controls. It is used by EU customs authorities to better identify high-risk shipments and intervene at the most appropriate point in the supply chain.
It became operational in the EU (and in our country) in 2011 and is gradually being replaced with the versions of the new ICS2 system.
The new ICS2
The new trans-European ICS2 system aims to meet the needs and achieve the objectives of the "strategy and action for customs risk management" adopted by the EU in 2014.
It is based on a completely reformed customs procedure incorporating the Union security and safety requirements of the provisions of the legislative package of the new Union Customs Code applicable from 1 May 2016.
It enhances and improves customs risk management and the detection of dangerous and illegal goods. It aims at more effective and efficient customs controls in rapidly evolving supply chains while supporting a level playing field and facilitating legitimate trade.
What's changing with ICS2;
The processes supported by ICS1 are completely reformed and complemented. In particular:
- More qualitative and reliable data (e.g. buyer and seller details) is collected before arrival and before loading for all entering the EU goods (removal of exceptions e.g. low-value goods postal service providers and express couriers).
- In addition to the carrier, information is collected from all economic operators involved in the supply chain (e.g. freight forwarders and logistics operators, express operators, postal operators, importers, consignees) who can submit in parts those that concern them (master and house transport contract levels).
- A "common repository" is established for the registration/consolidation of partial data submissions as well as the exchange of information on risk analysis and audit results between countries implementing ICS2. The repository is accessible to all countries and cooperation and transparency are enhanced.
- Economic operators are provided with a 'common trader interface' (STI), or 'harmonised trader interface' (HTI) and transparency is enhanced.
- In air transport, risk analysis functionality is enhanced and the obligation to submit a minimum set of pre-loading information (PLACI) is introduced and complementary measures are implemented (e.g. referrals, HRCM control and the "DO NOT LOAD-" message).
- In addition to the notification of arrival of the means of transport, the presentation notification of the goods shall apply.
- The cancellation of the entry summary declaration shall apply.
In line with the work program of the EU Customs Code (see. Commission Implementing Decision 2019 / 2151), ICS2 will be implemented in three releases.
Each version affects different economic operators and modes of transport: Economic operators are obliged to lodge entry summary declarations and use the system depending on the type of services they provide in the international supply chain.
Dates of Implementation: Economic operators by release
ICS2 R1 - Transitional period from 15/3/2021 up to 1/10/2021.
Express couriers and Postal Service Providers, Representatives
For aviation only (before loading ENS minimum data set (PLACI), risk analysis and presentation notification). It was put into operation in our country on 1/10/2021 and until version 2, it operates in parallel with ICS1 (for air, sea, road and rail transport).
ICS2 R2 - Transitional period from 1/3/2023 up to 1/10/2023.
Express couriers and Postal Service Providers, Air carriers, Freight Forwarders and Logistics, Representatives
It concerns only air transport (full ENS dataset, full risk analysis, arrival notification plus version 1 functionalities). Version 2 will operate in parallel with ICS which will be limited to maritime, road and rail transport.
ALL MODES OF TRANSPORT
ICS2 R3 - Transitional period from 1/3/2024 up to 1/10/2024.
Express couriers and Postal Service Providers, Carriers, Freight Forwarders and Logistics, Representatives Importers / Consignees
For air, maritime, road and rail (full ENS dataset, full risk analysis, plus previous version functionalities), After version 3 is deployed, ICS1 will be phased out over a 200-day transition period.
The necessary EU specification documents that Economic Operators should study to implement and operate their IT systems, are published and updated by the EU per ICS 2 version, and can be found at the links below:
Release 1 documents
Release 2 documents
Release 3 documents
The European Commission has posted relevant information in order to inform economic operators about the New System, divided into categories: